Maximum height of understorey vegetation in vegetation subplots in May-June 2012 in the exploratory region in Italy

Usage Rights

This data is Free within projects.

FunDiv-intern

Dataset Abstract

Most of the plant diversity in European forests is found in the understorey, and despite its relatively low biomass compared to the forest overstorey, its functional importance is high (nectar source for pollinators, habitat for small mammals, affects tree regeneration, invasion resistance, decomposition and nutrient cycling (Gilliam 2007). Relationships between overstorey and understorey diversity and composition is tackled. For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants.For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants. In three quadrants (upper right, central, lower left), a vegetation subplot of 5 m x 5 m (as close as possible to the central quadrant; subplot in the central quadrant located in the upper half) is marked for identification and estimation of cover of understorey vascular plant species. Location of subplots exclude major heterogeneities at any scale of sampling (tree trunks, tracks and paths, streams and ponds, peaty pools, boulders and cliffs…). Thus, terricolous plants growing on mineral and organic soil of the undisturbed forest floor are represented. Within this subplot, understorey vegetation is identified (species, cover) and afterwards clipped in a zone of 0.5 m x 0.5 m (biomass subplot), where understorey vegetation is relatively abundant and where vegetation composition is representative for the whole subplot. Then, biomass is divided into 'woody' (woody juveniles, woody plants) and 'non-woody' (seedlings, 'green' herbs). The biomass samples are dried for 24 to 48h at 70°C . Then they are weighed and analysed for P, Ca, K, Mg, C, N (Forest & Nature Lab, Ghent University).

Dataset Design

For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants. In three quadrants (upper right, central, lower left), a subplot of 5 m x 5 m (as close as possible to the central quadrant; subplot in the central quadrant located in the upper half) is marked for identification and estimation of cover of understorey vascular plant species (species, cover, maximum height, development stage).
Within this subplot, understorey vegetation is identified (species, cover) and afterwards clipped in a zone of 0.5 m x 0.5 m, where understorey vegetation is relatively abundant and where vegetation composition is representative for the whole subplot. Then, biomass is divided into 'woody' (woody juveniles, woody plants) and 'non-woody' (seedlings, 'green' herbs). Preparation of biomass samples for chemical analyses: dried at 70°C, grinded using a sieve of 1mm
Before analyses of Ca, Mg, K en P-content, grinded biomass samples are 'destroyed' with HNO3/HClO4, diluted with demineralised water and filtered according to the method of Varian Instruments at work, AA-24 (McKenzie T., 1982. Automated multielement analysis of plant material by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. Varian Instruments at work, AA-24).

Analysis for Ca-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 5mg Ca/l and atomized in a nitrous oxide-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 422.7nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples.

Analysis for K-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 1mg K/l and atomized in a air-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 766.5nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples.

Analysis for Mg-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 0.5mg Mg/l and atomized in a air-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 258.2nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples.

Analysis for P-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method, then reaction of the destroyed biomass sample with metholsulphite, ammoniumheptamolybdate and sodiumacetate solution. Finally, measurement of the total P-content with a spectrophotometer type Varian Cary 50 at 700nm (Chemical analysis of plants and soils. Cottenie, Verloo,... Laboratory of analytical and agrochemistry, RUG). Analyses for C,N: analysis is done using an Elementar analyzer, type Vario Macro Cube in configuration CNS, with Argon as carrier gas. Catalytic combustion of the sample (1.5g) is carried out at a permanent temperature of up to 1200°C. This is followed by reduction of the combustion gasses on hot copper in the refuction tube. The formed gasses N2, CO2, H2O, SO2 are separated via purge and trep chromatography and afterwards detected on a thermal conductivity detector (TCD). A connected PC computes the element concentration from the detector signal, and the sample weight on the basis of stored calibration curves.

Spatial Extent

Italy

Temporal Extent

Spring 2012

Taxonomic Extent

understorey vegetation: woody and non-woody vascular species (herbs, seedlings) < 1.3m

Measurement Circumstances

Heavy rain on several days

Data columns available in the raw data part of this dataset

plot number
unique number ascribed to each plot
Data group: Exploratory plot id
Values
ITA03
ITA05
ITA04
ITA01
ITA02
subplot number
Indicates which subplot within the plot is considered
Data group: Sub plot id
Values
10a
10b
11b
10c
11a
diversity
Number of target tree species present in subplot
Data group: Species richness
Keywords: diversity
Values
5
3
4
2
1
target Castanea sativa
Absence/presence of Castanea sativa in overstorey as target tree species; Datagroup description: Presence data
Data group: Presence data
Values
0
1
target Ostrya carpinifolia
Absence/presence of Ostrya carpinifolia in overstorey as target tree species; Datagroup description: Presence data
Data group: Presence data
Values
0
1
target Quercus cerris
Absence/presence of Quercus cerris in overstorey as target tree species; Datagroup description: Presence data
Data group: Presence data
Values
1
0
target Quercus illex
Absence/presence of Quercus illex in overstorey as target tree species; Datagroup description: Presence data
Data group: Presence data
Values
0
1
target Quercus petraea
Absence/presence of Quercus petraea in overstorey as target tree species; Datagroup description: Presence data
Data group: Presence data
Values
1
0
cover tree layer
Total % of soil covered by the tree layer
Data group: Plot descriptor
Values
65
50
55
70
60
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
cover shrub layer
Total % of soil covered by the shrub layer
Data group: Plot descriptor
Values
0.1
18
15
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
cover understorey layer
Total % of soil covered by the understorey vegetation
Data group: Plot descriptor
Values
12
1
0.1
11
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
cover mosses
Total % of soil covered by the mosses
Data group: Plot descriptor
Values
0.1
15
1
20
2
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
cover litter
Total % of soil covered by the litter
Data group: Plot descriptor
Values
55
15
18
45
40
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
cover bare soil
Total % of soil covered by the bare soil
Data group: Plot descriptor
Values
1
11
10
15
14
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
number species
Total number of species recorded in the understorey vegetation
Data group: Understorey species richness
Keywords: diversity
Values
11
12
14
10
13
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Acer campestre
Max. height of Acer campestre
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
5
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Acer monspessulanum
Max. height of Acer monspessulanum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
1
70
15
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Acer pseudoplatanus
Max. height of Acer pseudoplatanus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ajuga reptans
Max. height of Ajuga reptans
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Allium pendulinum
Max. height of Allium pendulinum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Anemone nemorosa
Max. height of Anemone nemorosa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
3
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Arabis turrita
Max. height of Arabis turrita
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Arbutus unedo
Max. height of Arbutus unedo
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
20
30
10
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Asphodelus albus
Max. height of Asphodelus albus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
55
45
50
40
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Asplenium onopteris
Max. height of Asplenium onopteris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Asplenium trichomanes
Max. height of Asplenium trichomanes
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Brachypodium pinnatum
Max. height of Brachypodium pinnatum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
25
12
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Brachypodium sylvaticum
Max. height of Brachypodium sylvaticum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
30
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Calamintha sylvatica ssp. ascendens
Max. height of Calamintha sylvatica ssp. ascendens
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Campanula trachelium
Max. height of Campanula trachelium
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Cardamine hirsuta
Max. height of Cardamine hirsuta
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Carex digitata
Max. height of Carex digitata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Carex flacca
Max. height of Carex flacca
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Carex sylvatica
Max. height of Carex sylvatica
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
40
10
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Carpinus betulus
Max. height of Carpinus betulus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
2
115
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Castanea sativa
Max. height of Castanea sativa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
120
20
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Cephalanthera damasonium
Max. height of Cephalanthera damasonium
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
25
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Clematis vitalba
Max. height of Clematis vitalba
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Clinopodium vulgare
Max. height of Clinopodium vulgare
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Coronilla emerus
Max. height of Coronilla emerus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Cornus mas
Max. height of Cornus mas
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Corylus avellana
Max. height of Corylus avellana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Crataegus laevigata
Max. height of Crataegus laevigata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Crataegus monogyna
Max. height of Crataegus monogyna
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
130
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Crocus etruscus
Max. height of Crocus etruscus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Crocus vernus
Max. height of Crocus vernus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Cruciata glabra
Max. height of Cruciata glabra
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Cyclamen hederifolium
Max. height of Cyclamen hederifolium
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Cyclamen repandum
Max. height of Cyclamen repandum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Cytisus scoparius
Max. height of Cytisus scoparius
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
10
15
3
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Dactylis glomerata
Max. height of Dactylis glomerata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Danthonia decumbens
Max. height of Danthonia decumbens
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Daphne laureola
Max. height of Daphne laureola
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
35
25
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Deschampsia flexuosa
Max. height of Deschampsia flexuosa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Digitalis micrantha
Max. height of Digitalis micrantha
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
30
20
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Epipactis microphylla
Epipactis microphylla
Data group: Species composition
Values
20
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Erica arborea
Max. height of Erica arborea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
130
25
15
10
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Erica scoparia
Max. height of Erica scoparia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
120
130
20
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Erythronium dens-canis
Max. height of Erythronium dens-canis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Euonymus europaeus
Max. height of Euonymus europaeus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Fallopia dumetorum
Max. height of Fallopia dumetorum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Festuca heterophylla
Max. height of Festuca heterophylla
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
10
15
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Fragaria viridis
Max. height of Fragaria viridis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Fraxinus ornus
Max. height of Fraxinus ornus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
120
110
1
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Geranium robertianum
Max. height of Geranium robertianum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hedera helix
Max. height of Hedera helix
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
120
20
1
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hedera helix ssp. sylvestris
Max. height of Hedera helix ssp. sylvestris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helleborus foetidus
Max. height of Helleborus foetidus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helleborus viridis
Max. height of Helleborus viridis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium murorum
Max. height of Hieracium murorum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium racemosum
Max. height of Hieracium racemosum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ilex aquifolium
Max. height of Ilex aquifolium
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
110
10
125
120
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus communis
Max. height of Juniperus communis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
60
30
25
90
40
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Laburnum anagyroides
Max. height of Laburnum anagyroides
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lamium purpureum
Max. height of Lamium purpureum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lathyrus venetus
Max. height of Lathyrus venetus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
12
15
5
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Laurus nobilis
Max. height of Laurus nobilis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ligustrum vulgare
Max. height of Ligustrum vulgare
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lilium bulbiferum
Max. height of Lilium bulbiferum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lonicera etrusca
Max. height of Lonicera etrusca
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Luzula forsteri
Max. height of Luzula forsteri
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
25
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Luzula multiflora
Max. height of Luzula multiflora
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Malus sylvestris
Max. height of Malus sylvestris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Melica uniflora
Max. height of Melica uniflora
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
20
15
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Melittis melissophyllum
Max. height of Melittis melissophyllum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Moehringia pentandra
Max. height of Moehringia pentandra
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Moehringia trinerva
Max. height of Moehringia trinerva
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
1
15
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Mycelis muralis
Max. height of Mycelis muralis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ostrya carpinifolia
Max. height of Ostrya carpinifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
1
120
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Phyllirea latifolia
Max. height of Phyllirea latifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
25
100
130
50
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Physospermum cornubiense
Max. height of Physospermum cornubiense
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
15
35
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pinus pinaster
Max. height of Pinus pinaster
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Platanthera bifolia
Max. height of Platanthera bifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Poa nemoralis
Max. height of Poa nemoralis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
10
20
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Polypodium cassubicum
Max. height of Polypodium cassubicum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Polypodium interjectum
Max. height of Polypodium interjectum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Populus tremula
Max. height of Populus tremula
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
20
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prenanthes purpurea
Max. height of Prenanthes purpurea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
30
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Primula vulgaris
Max. height of Primula vulgaris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prunus avium
Max. height of Prunus avium
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
20
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pteridium aquilinum
Max. height of Pteridium aquilinum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
10
35
20
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pyracantha coccinea
Max. height of Pyracantha coccinea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pyrus pyraster
Max. height of Pyrus pyraster
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus cerris
Max. height of Quercus cerris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
3
15
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus ilex
Max. height of Quercus ilex
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
?
120
100
110
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus petraea
Max. height of Quercus petraea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
10
8
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus pubescens
Max. height of Quercus pubescens
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ranunculus velutinus
Max. height of Ranunculus velutinus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rosa sempervirens
Max. height of Rosa sempervirens
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
20
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rubia peregrina
Max. height of Rubia peregrina
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
20
30
15
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rubus hirtus
Max. height of Rubus hirtus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
15
20
25
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rubus ulmifolius
Max. height of Rubus ulmifolius
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
120
40
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ruscus aculeatus
Max. height of Ruscus aculeatus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
10
15
100
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sanicula europaea
Max. height of Sanicula europaea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Scilla bifolia
Max. height of Scilla bifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Serratula tinctoria
Max. height of Serratula tinctoria
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Smilax aspera
Max. height of Smilax aspera
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
80
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Solidago virgaurea
Max. height of Solidago virgaurea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sorbus domestica
Max. height of Sorbus domestica
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
35
120
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sorbus torminalis
Max. height of Sorbus torminalis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
1
15
10
45
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Stachys officinalis
Max. height of Stachys officinalis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Symphytum tuberosum
Max. height of Symphytum tuberosum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Tamus communis
Max. height of Tamus communis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Teucrium scorodonia
Max. height of Teucrium scorodonia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
25
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Tilia cordata
Max. height of Tilia cordata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Viburnum tinus
Max. height of Viburnum tinus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
1
5
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Vicia bithynica
Max. height of Vicia bithynica
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Vicia tenuifolia
Max. height of Vicia tenuifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Vicia tenuissima
Max. height of Vicia tenuissima
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Viola alba
Max. height of Viola alba
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
1
2
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Viola alba ssp dehnhartii
Viola alba ssp dehnhartii
Data group: Species composition
Values
5
Viola reichenbachiana
Max. height of Viola reichenbachiana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
20
5
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Vitis vinifera
Max. height of Vitis vinifera
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris
Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris
Data group: Species composition
Values
15
35
Remarks
Remarks about plot/subplot
Data group: Helper
Values
chestnut attacked by parasites, small canopy gap
disturbance by animals (wild boar) on the understorey
chestnut crowns damaged (open canopy)
chestnut canopy damaged by parasite attacks --> gap
disturbance by ungulates
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.