Cover of understorey vegetation in vegetation subplots in June 2012 in the exploratory region in Spain: 2 of 2

Usage Rights

This data is Free within projects.

FunDiv-intern. This is the second part of a two-part dataset. Do not use without combining with the first part.

Dataset Abstract

Most of the plant diversity in European forests is found in the understorey, and despite its relatively low biomass compared to the forest overstorey, its functional importance is high (nectar source for pollinators, habitat for small mammals, affects tree regeneration, invasion resistance, decomposition and nutrient cycling (Gilliam 2007). Relationships between overstorey and understorey diversity and composition is tackled. For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants.For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants. In three quadrants (upper right, central, lower left), a subplot of 5 m x 5 m (as close as possible to the central quadrant; subplot in the central quadrant located in the upper half) is marked for identification and estimation of cover of understorey vascular plant species. Location of subplots exclude major heterogeneities at any scale of sampling (tree trunks, tracks and paths, streams and ponds, peaty pools, boulders and cliffs…). Thus, terricolous plants growing on mineral and organic soil of the undisturbed forest floor are represented. Within this subplot, understorey vegetation is clipped in a zone of 0.5 m x 0.5 m, where understorey vegetation is relatively abundant and where vegetation composition is representative for the whole subplot. The biomass samples are dried for 24 to 48h at 70°C . Then they are weighed and analysed for P, Ca, K, Mg (Laboratory of Forestry, Gontrode, Belgium) and C and N (Institut für Walbau, Universität Freiburg).

Dataset Design

For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants. In three quadrants (upper right, central, lower left), a subplot of 5 m x 5 m (as close as possible to the central quadrant; subplot in the central quadrant located in the upper half) is marked for identification and estimation of cover of understorey vascular plant species (species, cover, maximum height, development stage). Within this subplot, understorey vegetation is identified (species, cover) and clipped in a zone of 0.5 m x 0.5 m, where understorey vegetation is relatively abundant and where vegetation composition is representative for the whole subplot. Then, vegetation is subdivided into 'woody' (woody juveniles, woody plants) and 'non-woody' (seedlings, 'green' herbs). Preparation of biomass samples for chemical analyses: dried at 70°C, grinded using a sieve of 1mm (for analyses of P, Mg, Ca en K content) and afterwards further grinded with a ball mill (MM301, Retsch, Hahn, Germany) in Freiburg (for analysis fo C/N). Before analyses of Ca, Mg, K en P-content, grinded biomass samples are 'destroyed' with HNO3/HClO4, diluted with demineralised water and filtered according to the method of Varian Instruments at work, AA-24 (McKenzie T., 1982. Automated multielement analysis of plant material by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. Varian Instruments at work, AA-24). Analysis for Ca-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 5mg Ca/l and atomized in a nitrous oxide-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 422.7nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples. Analysis for K-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 1mg K/l and atomized in a air-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 766.5nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples. Analysis for Mg-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 0.5mg Mg/l and atomized in a air-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 258.2nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples. Analysis for P-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method, then reaction of the destroyed biomass sample with metholsulphite, ammoniumheptamolybdate and sodiumacetate solution. Finally, measurement of the total P-content with a spectrophotometer type Varian Cary 50 at 700nm (Chemical analysis of plants and soils. Cottenie, Verloo,... Laboratory of analytical and agrochemistry, RUG). Analyses for C/N: C/N analysis is done by dry combustion with an elemental analyzer leco truspec™ (Leco, St. Joseph USA). 100-200 mg finely ground sample is wrapped in tin foil and burned with pure oxygen at 950°C. Tin foil rises temperature additionally throughout the burning process. Carbon is detected as CO2 with an infrared measuring cell, nitrogen is reduced to N2 and detected with a thermal conductivity cell. For prediction of C and N content with near infrared spectroscopy spectra are taken from finely ground material with a Tensor 37 spectrometer (Bruker, Ettlingen, Germany). The wavenumber range is 12000 to 3800 cm-1, Resolution is 16 cm-1 with 64 scans for each spectrum. Five spectra are measured for each sample. For at least 100 samples the dry combustion reference analysis is done. With Opus 6.5 software (Bruker, Ettlingen, Germany) spectral information is combined with the corresponding reference value and models to predict unknown samples are developed using PLS (partial least square) regression.

Spatial Extent

Spain

Temporal Extent

Spring 2012

Taxonomic Extent

understorey vegetation: woody and non-woody vascular species (herbs, seedlings) < 1.3m

Measurement Circumstances

Dry weather

Data columns available in the raw data part of this dataset

plot number
unique number ascribed to each plot
Data group: Exploratory plot id
Values
SPA01
SPA03
SPA05
SPA02
SPA04
subplot number
plot number followed by a, b, c to indicate which subplot within the plot is considered
Unit: %
Data group: Sub plot id
Values
10a
10c
11b
11a
10b
Galium divaricatum
% cover by Galium divaricatum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Galium lucidum
% cover by Galium lucidum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
2
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Galium papillosum
% cover by Galium papillosum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Galium verum
% cover by Galium verum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Gaudinia fragilis
% cover by Gaudinia fragilis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Genista pumila
% cover by Genista pumila
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
1
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Genista scorpius
% cover by Genista scorpius
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
15
2
1
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Geum sylvaticum
% cover by Geum sylvaticum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
3
0.1
1
2
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Gladiolus communis
% cover by Gladiolus communis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Globularia vulgaris
% cover by Globularia vulgaris
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helianthemum apenninum
% cover by Helianthemum apenninum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helianthemum hirtum
% cover by Helianthemum hirtum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helianthemum salicifolium
% cover by Helianthemum salicifolium
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helichrysum stoechas
% cover by Helichrysum stoechas
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium bourgaei
% cover by Hieracium bourgaei
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium pilosella
% cover by Hieracium pilosella
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
2
5
0.1
1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium sp.
% cover by Hieracium sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hippocrepis comosa
% cover by Hippocrepis comosa
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Holcus lanatus
% cover by Holcus lanatus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hormathophylla lapeyrousiana
% cover by Hormathophylla lapeyrousiana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hypericum perforatum
% cover by Hypericum perforatum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hypochoeris achyrophorus
% cover by Hypochoeris achyrophorus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Hypochoeris radicata
% cover by Hypochoeris radicata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Inula helenioides
% cover by Inula helenioides
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
3
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Inula montana
% cover by Inula montana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus communis
% cover by Juniperus communis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
2
0.1
1
0
3
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus oxycedrus
% cover by Juniperus oxycedrus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
2
0.1
10
3
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus sabina
% cover by Juniperus sabina
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus thurifera
% cover by Juniperus thurifera
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
3
0.1
1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Knautia collina
% cover by Knautia collina
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Koeleria vallesiana
% cover by Koeleria vallesiana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lactuca viminea
% cover by Lactuca viminea
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lamium amplexicaule
% cover by Lamium amplexicaule
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lathyrus filiformis
% cover by Lathyrus filiformis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
1
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lavandula latifolia
% cover by Lavandula latifolia
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
4
2
0
1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lens nigricans
% cover by Lens nigricans
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Leucanthemum vulgare
% cover by Leucanthemum vulgare
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Leuzea conifera
% cover by Leuzea conifera
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ligustrum vulgare
% cover by Ligustrum vulgare
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linaria simplex
% cover by Linaria simplex
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linum appressum
% cover by Linum appressum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linum austriacum
% cover by Linum austriacum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linum bienne
% cover by Linum bienne
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Linum narbonense
% cover by Linum narbonense
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lithodora fruticosa
% cover by Lithodora fruticosa
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
2
1
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lomelosia divaricata
% cover by Lomelosia divaricata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lonicera periclymenum ssp. hispanica
% cover by Lonicera periclymenum ssp. hispanica
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lotus corniculatus
% cover by Lotus cornicolatus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Luzula campestris
% cover by Luzula campestris
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
2
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Luzula forsteri
% cover by Luzula forsteri
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Marrubium supinum
% cover by Marrubium supinum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Medicago rigidula
% cover by Medicago rigidula
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Medicago sativa
% cover by Medicago sativa
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Medicago suffruticosa
% cover by Medicago suffruticosa
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Melica magnolii
% cover by Melica magnolii
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Micropus erectus
% cover by Micropus erectus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Mollugo cerviana
% cover by Mollugo cerviana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Monocot sp.
% cover by Monocot sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Muscari neglectum
% cover by Muscari neglectum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Myosotis discolor
% cover by Myosotis discolor
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Neatostema apulum
% cover by Neatostema apulum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Onobrychis argentea
% cover by Onobrychis argentea
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Onobrychis saxatilis
% cover by Onobrychis saxatilis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis cristata
% cover by Ononis cristata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis natrix
% cover by Ononis natrix
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis pusilla
% cover by Ononis pusilla
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis reclinata
% cover by Ononis reclinata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis striata
% cover by Ononis striata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
2
1
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ophrys scolopax
% cover by Ophrys scolopax
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Orchis sp.
% cover by Orchis sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ornithogalum divergens
% cover by Ornithogalum divergens
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Papaver hybridum
% cover by Papaver hybridum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Petrorhagia nanteuilii
% cover by Petrorhagia nanteuilii
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Peucedanum oreoselinum
% cover by Peucedanum oreoselinum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Phleum phleoides
% cover by Phleum phleoides
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Phlomis lychnitis
% cover by Phlomis lychnitis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Picris hieracioides
% cover by Picris hieracioides
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pinus nigra
% cover by Pinus nigra
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pinus sylvestris
% cover by Pinus sylvestris
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0.1
0
5
7
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Plantago holosteum
% cover by Plantago holosteum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
2
Plantago media
% cover by Plantago media
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
1
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Plantago monosperma
% cover by Plantago monosperma
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Plantago sempervirens
% cover by Plantago sempervirens
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Poa compressa
% cover by Poa compressa
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Poa pratensis
% cover by Poa pratensis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
2
0.1
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Polygala nicaeensis
% cover by Polygala nicaeensis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Potentilla cinerea
% cover by Potentilla cinerea
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Potentilla neumanniana
% cover by Potentilla neumanniana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Potentilla reptans
% cover by Potentilla reptans
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
1
2
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Primula veris
% cover by Primula veris
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
3
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prunella laciniata
% cover by Prunella laciniata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prunella vulgaris
% cover by Prunella vulgaris
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prunus spinosa
% cover by Prunus spinosa
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
2
1
0
6
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pyrus cordata
% cover by Pyrus cordata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus faginea
% cover by Quercus faginea
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0.1
0
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus ilex
% cover by Quercus ilex
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
2
0.1
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ranunculus arvensis
% cover by Ranunculus arvensis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Ranunculus bulbosus
% cover by Ranunculus bulbosus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Ranunculus gramineus
% cover by Ranunculus gramineus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Ranunculus pseudomillefoliatus
% cover by Ranunculus pseudomillefoliatus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
1
Rhamnus saxatilis
% cover by Rhamnus saxatilis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
1
0
Romulea sp.
% cover by Romulea sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Rosa agrestis
% cover by Rosa agrestis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
10
1
5
0.1
0
Rosa canina
% cover by Rosa canina
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
5
Rubia peregrina
% cover by Rubia peregrina
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
Rubus ulmifolius
% cover by Rubus ulmifolius
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
2
0.1
1
Rumex acetosella
% cover by Rumex acetosella
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Rumex intermedius
% cover by Rumex intermedius
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Salvia lavandulifolia
% cover by Salvia lavandulifolia
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
0.1
3
Salvia phlomoides
% cover by Salvia phlomoides
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Salvia pratensis
% cover by Salvia pratensis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
Sanguisorba minor
% cover by Sanguisorba minor
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Saponaria ocymoides
% cover by Saponaria ocymoides
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
1
0
Satureja montana
% cover by Satureja montana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
3
0
1
2
Scabiosa columbaria
% cover by Scabiosa columbaria
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Scandix stellata
% cover by Scandix stellata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Scleranthus annuus
% cover by Scleranthus annuus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Scorzonera sp.
% cover by Scorzonera sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Sedum forsterianum
% cover by Sedum forsterianum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Sedum sediforme
% cover by Sedum sediforme
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Serratula nudicaulis
% cover by Serratula nudicaulis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Seseli montanum
% cover by Seseli montanum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Sherardia arvensis
% cover by Sherardia arvensis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Sideritis incana
% cover by Sideritis incana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
1
0
Silene nutans
% cover by Silene nutans
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
0.1
Silene vulgaris
% cover by Silene vulgaris
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Stachys officinalis
% cover by Stachys officinalis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
2
1
Stahelinia dubia
% cover by Stahelinia dubia
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
2
0.1
0
Tanacetum corymbosum
% cover by Tanacetum corymbosum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
Taraxacum sp.
% cover by Taraxacum sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Teucrium chamaedrys
% cover by Teucrium chamaedrys
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
2
0.1
0
1
Teucrium polium
% cover by Teucrium polium
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
0.1
Thalictrum tuberosum
% cover by Thalictrum tuberosum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
Thapsia villosa
% cover by Thapsia villosa
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Thesium humifusum
% cover by Thesium humifusum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Thlaspi perfoliatum
% cover by Thlaspi perfoliatum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Thymelaea pubescens
% cover by Thymelaea pubescens
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Thymus bracteatus
% cover by Thymus bracteatus
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
1
Thymus mastichina
% cover by Thymus mastichina
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Thymus pulegioides
% cover by Thymus pulegioides
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
1
0.1
Thymus vulgaris
% cover by Thymus vulgaris
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
3
1
0
2
0.1
Tragopogon pratensis
% cover by Tragopogon pratensis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Trifolium campestre
% cover by Trifolium campestre
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
2
0.1
Trifolium hybridum
% cover by Trifolium hybridum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
1
0
Trifolium ochroleucon
% cover by Trifolium ochroleucon
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Trifolium scabrum
% cover by Trifolium scabrum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
1
0
Trifolium sp.
% cover by Trifolium sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
1
0
Trigonella gladiata
% cover by Trigonella gladiata
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Valerianella sp.
% cover by Valerianella sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Velezia rigida
% cover by Velezia rigida
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Verbascum sp.
% cover by Verbascum sp.
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Veronica officinalis
% cover by Veronica officinalis
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Viburnum lantana
% cover by Viburnum lantana
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
5
1
0
0.1
Vicia angustifolia
% cover by Vicia angustifolia
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Vicia hirsuta
% cover by Vicia hirsuta
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Vincetoxicum nigrum
% cover by Vincetoxicum nigrum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Viola alba
% cover by Viola alba
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Viola willkommii
% cover by Viola willkommii
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0
0.1
Xeranthemum inapertum
% cover by Xeranthemum inapertum
Unit: %
Data group: Species composition
Values
0.1
0
Remarks
Remarks about plot/subplot
Data group: Helper
Values
a grassy meadow
bare soil = rocks
a dry pasture land with no trees and shrubs - species rich, many annuals!
bare soil: rocks!
grazed by sheep