Maximum height of understorey vegetation in vegetation subplots in June 2012 in the exploratory region in Spain: 2 of 2

Usage Rights

This data is Free within projects.

FunDiv-intern. This is the second part of a two-set data file. Do not use this data without combining it with the first part.

Dataset Abstract

Most of the plant diversity in European forests is found in the understorey, and despite its relatively low biomass compared to the forest overstorey, its functional importance is high (nectar source for pollinators, habitat for small mammals, affects tree regeneration, invasion resistance, decomposition and nutrient cycling (Gilliam 2007). Relationships between overstorey and understorey diversity and composition is tackled. For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants.For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants. In three quadrants (upper right, central, lower left), a subplot of 5 m x 5 m (as close as possible to the central quadrant; subplot in the central quadrant located in the upper half) is marked for identification and estimation of cover of understorey vascular plant species. Location of subplots exclude major heterogeneities at any scale of sampling (tree trunks, tracks and paths, streams and ponds, peaty pools, boulders and cliffs…). Thus, terricolous plants growing on mineral and organic soil of the undisturbed forest floor are represented. Within this subplot, understorey vegetation is clipped in a zone of 0.5 m x 0.5 m, where understorey vegetation is relatively abundant and where vegetation composition is representative for the whole subplot. The biomass samples are dried for 24 to 48h at 70°C . Then they are weighed and analysed for P, Ca, K, Mg (Laboratory of Forestry, Gontrode, Belgium) and C and N (Institut für Walbau, Universität Freiburg).

Dataset Design

For each of the plots per focal region, the core plot is divided in nine quadrants. In three quadrants (upper right, central, lower left), a subplot of 5 m x 5 m (as close as possible to the central quadrant; subplot in the central quadrant located in the upper half) is marked for identification and estimation of cover of understorey vascular plant species (species, cover, maximum height, development stage). Within this subplot, understorey vegetation is identified (species, cover) and clipped in a zone of 0.5 m x 0.5 m, where understorey vegetation is relatively abundant and where vegetation composition is representative for the whole subplot. Then, vegetation is subdivided into 'woody' (woody juveniles, woody plants) and 'non-woody' (seedlings, 'green' herbs). Preparation of biomass samples for chemical analyses: dried at 70°C, grinded using a sieve of 1mm (for analyses of P, Mg, Ca en K content) and afterwards further grinded with a ball mill (MM301, Retsch, Hahn, Germany) in Freiburg (for analysis fo C/N). Before analyses of Ca, Mg, K en P-content, grinded biomass samples are 'destroyed' with HNO3/HClO4, diluted with demineralised water and filtered according to the method of Varian Instruments at work, AA-24 (McKenzie T., 1982. Automated multielement analysis of plant material by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. Varian Instruments at work, AA-24). Analysis for Ca-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 5mg Ca/l and atomized in a nitrous oxide-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 422.7nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples. Analysis for K-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 1mg K/l and atomized in a air-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 766.5nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples. Analysis for Mg-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method. Then the sample is diluted, 10% CsCI is added as modifer on the AAS (Varian SpectrAA 220) and calibrated to 0.5mg Mg/l and atomized in a air-acetylene flame, absorption is measured at 258.2nm. The analytical quality of the analysis is verified by repeated measurement of blanco and control samples. Analysis for P-content: destruction of biomass sample with the above mentioned method, then reaction of the destroyed biomass sample with metholsulphite, ammoniumheptamolybdate and sodiumacetate solution. Finally, measurement of the total P-content with a spectrophotometer type Varian Cary 50 at 700nm (Chemical analysis of plants and soils. Cottenie, Verloo,... Laboratory of analytical and agrochemistry, RUG). Analyses for C/N: C/N analysis is done by dry combustion with an elemental analyzer leco truspec™ (Leco, St. Joseph USA). 100-200 mg finely ground sample is wrapped in tin foil and burned with pure oxygen at 950°C. Tin foil rises temperature additionally throughout the burning process. Carbon is detected as CO2 with an infrared measuring cell, nitrogen is reduced to N2 and detected with a thermal conductivity cell. For prediction of C and N content with near infrared spectroscopy spectra are taken from finely ground material with a Tensor 37 spectrometer (Bruker, Ettlingen, Germany). The wavenumber range is 12000 to 3800 cm-1, Resolution is 16 cm-1 with 64 scans for each spectrum. Five spectra are measured for each sample. For at least 100 samples the dry combustion reference analysis is done. With Opus 6.5 software (Bruker, Ettlingen, Germany) spectral information is combined with the corresponding reference value and models to predict unknown samples are developed using PLS (partial least square) regression.

Spatial Extent

Spain

Temporal Extent

Spring 2012

Taxonomic Extent

understorey vegetation: woody and non-woody vascular species (herbs, seedlings) < 1.3m

Measurement Circumstances

Dry weather

Data columns available in the raw data part of this dataset

plot number
unique number ascribed to each plot
Data group: Exploratory plot id
Values
SPA01
SPA02
SPA04
SPA03
SPA05
subplot number
plot number followed by a, b, c to indicate which subplot within the plot is considered
Data group: Sub plot id
Values
10c
11b
10b
10a
11a
Galium divaricatum
Max. height of Galium divaricatum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Galium lucidum
Max. height of Galium lucidum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
30
25
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Galium papillosum
Max. height of Galium papillosum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Galium verum
Max. height of Galium verum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
20
5
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Gaudinia fragilis
Max. height of Gaudinia fragilis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Genista pumila
Max. height of Genista pumila
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
50
40
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Genista scorpius
Max. height of Genista scorpius
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
110
100
120
130
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Geum sylvaticum
Max. height of Geum sylvaticum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Gladiolus communis
Max. height of Gladiolus communis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
20
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Globularia vulgaris
Max. height of Globularia vulgaris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helianthemum apenninum
Max. height of Helianthemum apenninum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
20
10
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helianthemum hirtum
Max. height of Helianthemum hirtum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
25
5
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helianthemum salicifolium
Max. height of Helianthemum salicifolium
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Helichrysum stoechas
Max. height of Helichrysum stoechas
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
30
35
15
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium bourgaei
Max. height of Hieracium bourgaei
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium pilosella
Max. height of Hieracium pilosella
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
2
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hieracium sp.
Max. height of Hieracium sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hippocrepis comosa
Max. height of Hippocrepis comosa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Holcus lanatus
Max. height of Holcus lanatus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
5
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hormathophylla lapeyrousiana
Max. height of Hormathophylla lapeyrousiana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hypericum perforatum
Max. height of Hypericum perforatum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Hypochoeris achyrophorus
Max. height of Hypochoeris achyrophorus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
Hypochoeris radicata
Max. height of Hypochoeris radicata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
5
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Inula helenioides
Max. height of Inula helenioides
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Inula montana
Max. height of Inula montana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
10
5
35
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus communis
Max. height of Juniperus communis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
130
15
100
110
120
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus oxycedrus
Max. height of Juniperus oxycedrus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
120
35
30
10
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus sabina
Max. height of Juniperus sabina
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
60
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Juniperus thurifera
Max. height of Juniperus thurifera
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
130
20
100
15
110
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Knautia collina
Max. height of Knautia collina
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
20
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Koeleria vallesiana
Max. height of Koeleria vallesiana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
10
25
15
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lactuca viminea
Max. height of Lactuca viminea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lamium amplexicaule
Max. height of Lamium amplexicaule
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lathyrus filiformis
Max. height of Lathyrus filiformis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
5
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lavandula latifolia
Max. height of Lavandula latifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
30
10
25
35
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lens nigricans
Max. height of Lens nigricans
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Leucanthemum vulgare
Max. height of Leucanthemum vulgare
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
35
10
30
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Leuzea conifera
Max. height of Leuzea conifera
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
5
25
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ligustrum vulgare
Max. height of Ligustrum vulgare
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
90
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linaria simplex
Max. height of Linaria simplex
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linum appressum
Max. height of Linum appressum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linum austriacum
Max. height of Linum austriacum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Linum bienne
Max. height of Linum bienne
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
Linum narbonense
Max. height of Linum narbonense
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
25
50
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lithodora fruticosa
Max. height of Lithodora fruticosa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
30
35
15
40
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lomelosia divaricata
Max. height of Lomelosia divaricata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lonicera periclymenum ssp. hispanica
Max. height of Lonicera periclymenum ssp. hispanica
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
100
10
60
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Lotus corniculatus
Max. height of Lotus corniculatus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Luzula campestris
Max. height of Luzula campestris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Luzula forsteri
Max. height of Luzula forsteri
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
75
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Marrubium supinum
Max. height of Marrubium supinum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
30
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Medicago rigidula
Max. height of Medicago rigidula
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Medicago sativa
Max. height of Medicago sativa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
20
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Medicago suffruticosa
Max. height of Medicago suffruticosa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Melica magnolii
Max. height of Melica magnolii
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
35
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Micropus erectus
Max. height of Micropus erectus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Mollugo cerviana
Max. height of Mollugo cerviana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Monocot sp.
Max. height of Monocot sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Muscari neglectum
Max. height of Muscari neglectum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Myosotis discolor
Max. height of Myosotis discolor
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Neatostema apulum
Max. height of Neatostema apulum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Onobrychis argentea
Max. height of Onobrychis argentea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Onobrychis saxatilis
Max. height of Onobrychis saxatilis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis cristata
Max. height of Ononis cristata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis natrix
Max. height of Ononis natrix
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis pusilla
Max. height of Ononis pusilla
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
20
5
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis reclinata
Max. height of Ononis reclinata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ononis striata
Max. height of Ononis striata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ophrys scolopax
Max. height of Ophrys scolopax
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Orchis sp.
Max. height of Orchis sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ornithogalum divergens
Max. height of Ornithogalum divergens
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Papaver hybridum
Max. height of Papaver hybridum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Petrorhagia nanteuilii
Max. height of Petrorhagia nanteuilii
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Peucedanum oreoselinum
Max. height of Peucedanum oreoselinum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
40
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Phleum phleoides
Max. height of Phleum phleoides
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Phlomis lychnitis
Max. height of Phlomis lychnitis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Picris hieracioides
Max. height of Picris hieracioides
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pinus nigra
Max. height of Pinus nigra
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
130
30
15
120
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pinus sylvestris
Max. height of Pinus sylvestris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
130
35
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Plantago holosteum
Max. height of Plantago holosteum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
Plantago media
Max. height of Plantago media
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Plantago monosperma
Max. height of Plantago monosperma
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
20
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Plantago sempervirens
Max. height of Plantago sempervirens
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
35
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Poa compressa
Max. height of Poa compressa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Poa pratensis
Max. height of Poa pratensis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
40
25
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Polygala nicaeensis
Max. height of Polygala nicaeensis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
20
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Potentilla cinerea
Max. height of Potentilla cinerea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Potentilla neumanniana
Max. height of Potentilla neumanniana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Potentilla reptans
Max. height of Potentilla reptans
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Primula veris
Max. height of Primula veris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prunella laciniata
Max. height of Prunella laciniata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prunella vulgaris
Max. height of Prunella vulgaris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Prunus spinosa
Max. height of Prunus spinosa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
120
20
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Pyrus cordata
Max. height of Pyrus cordata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus faginea
Max. height of Quercus faginea
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
10
20
120
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Quercus ilex
Max. height of Quercus ilex
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
130
15
10
110
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ranunculus arvensis
Max. height of Ranunculus arvensis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ranunculus bulbosus
Max. height of Ranunculus bulbosus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ranunculus gramineus
Max. height of Ranunculus gramineus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Ranunculus pseudomillefoliatus
Max. height of Ranunculus pseudomillefoliatus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rhamnus saxatilis
Max. height of Rhamnus saxatilis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
60
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Romulea sp.
Max. height of Romulea sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rosa agrestis
Max. height of Rosa agrestis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
50
40
35
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rosa canina
Max. height of Rosa canina
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
25
110
100
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rubia peregrina
Max. height of Rubia peregrina
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
20
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rubus ulmifolius
Max. height of Rubus ulmifolius
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
35
70
50
30
45
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rumex acetosella
Max. height of Rumex acetosella
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Rumex intermedius
Max. height of Rumex intermedius
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Salvia lavandulifolia
Max. height of Salvia lavandulifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
25
15
10
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Salvia phlomoides
Max. height of Salvia phlomoides
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
35
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Salvia pratensis
Max. height of Salvia pratensis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
40
5
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sanguisorba minor
Max. height of Sanguisorba minor
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
20
15
10
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Saponaria ocymoides
Max. height of Saponaria ocymoides
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Satureja montana
Max. height of Satureja montana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
20
15
30
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Scabiosa columbaria
Max. height of Scabiosa columbaria
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
1
20
15
10
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Scandix stellata
Max. height of Scandix stellata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Scleranthus annuus
Max. height of Scleranthus annuus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Scorzonera sp.
Max. height of Scorzonera sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
20
10
15
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sedum forsterianum
Max. height of Sedum forsterianum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sedum sediforme
Max. height of Sedum sediforme
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Serratula nudicaulis
Max. height of Serratula nudicaulis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Seseli montanum
Max. height of Seseli montanum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sherardia arvensis
Max. height of Sherardia arvensis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Sideritis incana
Max. height of Sideritis incana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
40
50
30
35
25
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Silene nutans
Max. height of Silene nutans
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
10
5
15
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Silene vulgaris
Max. height of Silene vulgaris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
10
20
15
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Stachys officinalis
Max. height of Stachys officinalis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Stahelinia dubia
Max. height of Stahelinia dubia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
30
40
35
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Tanacetum corymbosum
Max. height of Tanacetum corymbosum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
35
25
15
10
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Taraxacum sp.
Max. height of Taraxacum sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Teucrium chamaedrys
Max. height of Teucrium chamaedrys
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Teucrium polium
Max. height of Teucrium polium
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
20
25
10
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thalictrum tuberosum
Max. height of Thalictrum tuberosum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
30
20
35
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thapsia villosa
Max. height of Thapsia villosa
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thesium humifusum
Max. height of Thesium humifusum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thlaspi perfoliatum
Max. height of Thlaspi perfoliatum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thymelaea pubescens
Max. height of Thymelaea pubescens
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
15
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thymus bracteatus
Max. height of Thymus bracteatus
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thymus mastichina
Max. height of Thymus mastichina
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
45
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thymus pulegioides
Max. height of Thymus pulegioides
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Thymus vulgaris
Max. height of Thymus vulgaris
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
30
25
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Tragopogon pratensis
Max. height of Tragopogon pratensis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
25
15
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Trifolium campestre
Max. height of Trifolium campestre
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Trifolium hybridum
Max. height of Trifolium hybridum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Trifolium ochroleucon
Max. height of Trifolium ochroleucon
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Trifolium scabrum
Max. height of Trifolium scabrum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Trifolium sp.
Max. height of Trifolium sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Trigonella gladiata
Max. height of Trigonella gladiata
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Valerianella sp.
Max. height of Valerianella sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Velezia rigida
Max. height of Velezia rigida
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Verbascum sp.
Max. height of Verbascum sp.
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Veronica officinalis
Max. height of Veronica officinalis
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Viburnum lantana
Max. height of Viburnum lantana
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
30
120
20
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Vicia angustifolia
Max. height of Vicia angustifolia
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
Vicia hirsuta
Max. height of Vicia hirsuta
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
15
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Vincetoxicum nigrum
Max. height of Vincetoxicum nigrum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
40
20
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Viola alba
Max. height of Viola alba
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Viola willkommii
Max. height of Viola willkommii
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Xeranthemum inapertum
Max. height of Xeranthemum inapertum
Unit: cm
Data group: Species composition
Keywords: process, understorey productivity
Values
5
10
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.
Remarks
Remarks about plot/subplot
Data group: Helper
Values
a grassy meadow
grazed by sheep
bare soil: rocks!
bare soil = rocks
a dry pasture land with no trees and shrubs - species rich, many annuals!
* Coppi, A., Selvi, F. also contributed to this column.